Ecosystems and their biodiversity underpin economic growth, sustainable development and human wellbeing. Their loss results in serious reductions in ecosystem goods and services impacting prosperity and sustainability. Earth’s ecosystems are degrading as a result of damage, unsustainable development and a failure to invest and reinvest in their productivity, health and sustainability. The well-being of the world population in decades to come will largely depend on conservation and restoration of ecosystems to maintain and enhance biodiversity and ecosystem services, thereby contributing to sustainable development while reducing environment-related risks. In adopting the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and its 20 Aichi Targets, the global community has taken up this challenge. Targets 5, 11 and 15 set quantitative global targets to reduce the loss of natural habitats, restore degraded areas and improve protected area networks.
The Panel will present views on how an integrated approach to Targets 5, 11 and 15 can be achieved, while contributing to the achievement of other Targets which meet critical socio-economic priorities. To set the scene, an overview of the potential for ecosystem restoration will be presented, together with the multiple co-benefits from restoration contributing to sustainable development. An exchange of views among participants is expected on the tools used to support ecosystem conservation and restoration in a landscape perspective including relevant spatial planning and policy tools, and means for stakeholder involvement.
Key questions the Discussion Forum will address:
- What policy instruments, measures and other tools, including stakeholder involvement, have/could prove useful to reduce habitat loss, restore degraded lands and improve socio-economic priorities.
- What measures can be used to quantify expected physical and/or economic benefits generated from restoration.
- How can relevant case studies and related lessons facilitate the identification of key factors to scale up ecosystem conservation and restoration initiatives and to ensure on-going continual learning and adaptive management.
- Commissioned technical report on ecosystem restoration (forthcoming)
- Global Land Degradation Assessment for Dryland Areas
- Global Assessment of Human-induced Soil Degradation
- GPFLR Restoration Opportunity Assessment